Oxidation Reduction Potential or Redox is the activity or strength of oxidizers and reducers in relation to their concentration. Oxidizers accept electrons, reducers lose electrons.
Water is used for industrial and municipal purposes. The largest water requirement is for municipal use but the standard of purity required for this purpose is quite different from that demanded for industrial...
Waste Water Treatment Process
1.Physical Water Treatment Operations
In the physical unit operations physical forces are utilized in some water treatment units for the removal of solid contaminants. The...
The common types of sedimentation basins are
square or circular basins and
Solid contact clarifiers.
Rectangular basin showing Inlet& outlet
Rectangular basins are...
Water Treatment Coagulants
Coagulant water treatment chemicals come in two main types –
primary water treatment coagulants and coagulant aids.
Primary coagulants neutralize the electrical charges of...
Water Analysis for Chlorine
The amount of residual chlorine left in the chlorinated water after the required contact period, can be experimentally determined by using any of the following tests:
Safety Require for Water Treatment Plant Chlorine Cylinder Room.
Chlorine house should have to following features:
The chlorine cylinders and feeders should be housed in an isolated room from the Water...
The simplest method of continuous chlorination of water supply systems for a water flow of less than 200 Lpm is by the use of a hypochlorinator. Hypochlorinators are motor driven pumps which...
Chlorination is the application of chlorine to the water for the purpose of disinfection. But the chlorination can also be used for taste and odor control, iron and manganese removal, and to...
The efficiency of the disinfection depends upon the following factors:
Nature of the disinfectant,
Dose of the disinfectant,
Length of contact time with the disinfectant,
Type and concentration...