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ORP (Oxidation Reduction Potential)

ORP (Oxidation Reduction Potential)

ORP Applications Oxidation Reduction Potential or Redox is the activity or strength of oxidizers and reducers in relation to their concentration. Oxidizers accept electrons, reducers lose electrons. Examples...
Water Quality and Standards

Water Quality and Standards

 WATER QUALITY AND STANDARDS History of Water Quality Standards Importance of Water Quality Standards National and International Water Quality Standards Chemical and Bacteriological Characteristics   ...
How to Analysis Sulphate in Water

How to Analysis Sulphate in Water

Determination of Sulphate Sulphate ions in water present usually in the form of compounds like CaSO4,MgSO4,Na2SO4 etc.  The determination of sulphate ions is water in based on the fact that when water is...
Determination of Temporary Hardness

Determination of Temporary Hardness

Estimation of  Water Hardness The estimation of water hardness as applied to boiler water and other water is great interest for the chemical industry in general.the determination of water hardness has always...
Chlorides in Water

Chlorides in Water

Chloride Analysis  Chloride the chloride ions remain presents in the water in the form of one or more of the compounds like CaCl2, MgCl2,NaCl and etc. The estimation of chloride ions is generally, made by...
ALKALINITY WATER ANALYSIS

ALKALINITY WATER ANALYSIS

Alkalinity in Water Alkalinity means the find the amount of acid  neutralizing in water. Alkalinity is the total of all bases that occupying in the water and basically find in carbonate, bicarbonate and...
ESTIMATION OF WATER HARDNESS

ESTIMATION OF WATER HARDNESS

Water analysis Estimation of Hardness of water :  Hardness of water is conveniently expressed in terms of dissolved salts of calcium, magnesium and iron—calculated as parts of CaCO3 equivalent per million...

Water Treatment Process

Water Treatments Method : Reverse Osmosis (RO) water treatment process involves water being forced under pressure ( Osmotic Pressure ) through a semipermeable  RO water treatments membrane. In this Reverse...
Water Softner

Water Softner

Softener Water Treatment What is Hardness? Hardness is caused by hard water containing high concentration of calcium and magnesium ions. Water is considered to be hard if it has a hardness of 100 mg/L or more...
Corrosion in Water Treatment

Corrosion in Water Treatment

 Corrosion in Water Treatment Equipment Corrosion is the rusting of metal in pipes or tanks due to the corrosive action of either water or soil. Scales are deposits caused by the deposition of calcium...
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