Softener Water Treatment
What is Hardness?
Hardness is caused by hard water containing high concentration of calcium and magnesium ions. Water is considered to be hard if it has a hardness of 100 mg/L or more...
The efficiency of the disinfection depends upon the following factors:
Nature of the disinfectant,
Dose of the disinfectant,
Length of contact time with the disinfectant,
Type and concentration...
Types of chemical disinfectants containing chlorine are hypochlorite, chloramines, and chlorine-dioxide.
Instead of using chlorine gas, some plants apply chlorine to water as a hypochlorite,...
Water Softener is mainly using for making soft water.
Softener Operation Process:
Softening is the removal of hardness from water. This is not a required part of the...
Operation of water supply system is timely and daily operation of the components of a water supply system such as headworks, treatment plant, machinery and equipment, transmission mains, service...
HIGH RATE WATER TREATMENT FILTERS
High rate water treatment filters, which operate at a rate two to three times that of rapid sand filters, use a combination of filter media, not just sand. The combination...