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Water Softner

Water Softner

Softener Water Treatment What is Hardness? Hardness is caused by hard water containing high concentration of calcium and magnesium ions. Water is considered to be hard if it has a hardness of 100 mg/L or more...
Corrosion in Water Treatment

Corrosion in Water Treatment

 Corrosion in Water Treatment Equipment Corrosion is the rusting of metal in pipes or tanks due to the corrosive action of either water or soil. Scales are deposits caused by the deposition of calcium...
Environment Chemistry

Environment Chemistry

What is Environment  Chemistry ? Environment is defined as ” the aggregate of surrounding things, conditions, or influences such as water, land, air, space and sun “. To use the word...
Sludge Disposal

Sludge Disposal

The sludge which is found in the bottom of a sedimentation tank in water treatment plant is primarily composed of water. The solids in the sludge are mainly flocs, excess coagulant, such as alum. Alum sludge...
EFFICIENCY OF DISINFECTION

EFFICIENCY OF DISINFECTION

The efficiency of the disinfection depends upon the following factors: Nature of the disinfectant, Dose of the disinfectant, Length of contact time with the disinfectant, Temperature, Type and concentration...
Advantages and Disadvantages of Water Softening

Advantages and Disadvantages of Water Softening

Advantages of water Softening are: Water Softening will deal with the problems caused by hard water such as excessive soap use and scaling. Depending on the type of water softening process used, softening may...
Water Softening Conditioning Process

Water Softening Conditioning Process

Water Softener is mainly using  for making soft water. Softener Operation Process: Softener Parts: Softener Designs: Softening is the removal of hardness from water. This is not a required part of the...
Oper & Main of Pumps and Plumbing station

Oper & Main of Pumps and Plumbing station

Operation and Maintenance of Pumps and Pumping Stations The preventive maintenance procedures related to pumps and pumping stations are listed below: i. Inspect pump station daily to Determine pump condition,...
Operation and Maintenance for Water Supply Systems

Operation and Maintenance for Water Supply Systems

1.TERMINOLOGY Operation of water supply system is timely and daily operation of the components of a water supply system such as headworks, treatment plant, machinery and equipment, transmission mains, service...
Water Treatment Filters

Water Treatment Filters

HIGH RATE WATER TREATMENT FILTERS High rate water treatment filters, which operate at a rate two to three times that of rapid sand filters, use a combination of filter media, not just sand. The combination...
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