Water Treatment in
Advantages of WSPs are
- Lagoon systems can be cost-effective to design and construct in areas where land is inexpensive.
- They use less energy than most waste water treatment methods.
- They are simple to operate and maintain and generally require only part-time stuff.
- They can handle intermittent use and shock loadings better than many systems, making them a good option for campgrounds, resorts, and other seasonal properties.
- They are very effective at removing disease-causing organisms (pathogens) from wastewater.
- The effluent from lagoon systems can be suitable for irrigation (where appropriate), because of its high-nutrient and low pathogen content.
Disadvantages of WSP system are:
- Lagoon systems require more land than other treatment methods.
- They are less efficient in cold climates and may require additional land or longer detention times in these areas.
- Odor can become a nuisance during algal blooms or with anaerobic lagoons and lagoons that are inadequately maintained.
- Unless they are property maintained, lagoons can provide a breeding area for mosquitoes and other insects.
- They are not very effective at removing heavy metals from waste water.
- Effluent from some types of lagoons Contains algae and often requires additional treatment or polishing to meet discharge standards.