The quality and quantity of available of water treatment product water are important in the location of a chemical plants. Both, surface and ground water should be considered. Supply of water must be adequate throughout the year and this supply should not disturb the municipal water supply of the area.
Over half the year water treatment product water used in chemical plants is for cooling. The composition for cooling water is of no great importance its function is to carry away heat by warming or by evaporation.
A considerable volume of water treatment system product water is used in chemical plants for solution and dilution. Reasonably pure water from water treatment plant is necessary for the purpose.
The most important factors deciding the location of a chemical industry are raw materials, power, water and transport. But as regards water Treatment every industry has its own special requirements of Water and sometimes that which is suitable for one is fatal to another. Water Treatment is therefore necessary to bear in mind the uses to which a given water for Industry will be put and its suitability based on the results of chemical analysis and sometimes decided by bacteriological examination.
The principal requisites of Treatment of water for certain important Chemical Industries are mentioned below.
Besides the special requirement of watertreatments as regards the quality of water of every chemical industry, there is the problem of water to be used for drinking purpose. There should be arrangements in every establishment for the re-use of as much as possible of the used and discarded water. Even if there may be some initial expenditures on this account shortage of water almost everywhere.